29 July 2016

GUEST POST: The W.A.Y.: Start an after-school club

Each week of the ASU Summer Institute 2016, I have featured ideas from amigos I met through Summer Institute in years past. This week, Linda Carrillo helps answer the question, "How do I start an after-school club focused on cultural exploration?"




I wanted to start a middle school club. My reasoning was twofold (not including being bored!) One, we needed another option for 6th graders--who are not allowed to participate i sports,--and for the 7th and 8th graders not involved in sports (or the other two whole clubs our school offers).


Two, I have a burning desire for our kids to know that there is more to the world than their little town (county, state, country)!


I teach at a combined middle/high school that serves 700 students in all 7 grades.  We are small! When I get the 6th graders for the first time in my 9-week, 30-minute-a-day exploratory Spanish class, the majority of them are very excited to learn some Spanish! We talk about music, schools, foods, traditions, and learn a bunch of vocabulary.


It’s good.


I also have the 7th graders for the same amount of time, and we learn different units and current events. I only have about 20% of 8th graders, but they have me for 90 minutes every other day for an entire semester, so we can dive in a little bit deeper. Because I still wanted to do more, I decided to bring in authentic resources in the form of people!


This club is called the W.A.Y., which stands for the World Around You.


MEETINGS

We meet once a month after school (remember, these kids usually don’t have a ride home other than the bus) and focus on a different country each time. During our 90 minutes our guest speaker shares a powerpoint of pictures explaining the basics of the country:

  • Location
  • Population
  • Language
  • Education
  • Travel
  • Food
  • Holidays
  • Sports
  • and anything else they might find interesting


Sometimes history is mentioned, sometimes not; a lot is dependent on the speaker and who is in our audience for that day. We average about 10 kids each club, which is not many, and sometimes discouraging. But I have to remember that we are reaching these kids and possibly changing their lives…...and that’s what is important.


Language

We also learn some vocabulary and phrases that we practice speaking. Sometimes we learn songs and dances. It varies based on what the presenter would like to share.


Food

After (or sometimes during) the exchange of information and questions and answers, we eat a typical food from that country. Sometimes, we prepare it on the spot;, other times, I’ll make it the night before and we just hand it out and eat. Everyone is encourage to try it, and most will. Sometimes we run out, but other times, we have plenty of leftovers!!


Art

We end our time by doing a craft that is representative of the country we’re talking about. This is a good way to get the kids involved with hands on activities, talking with each other and our guest about what has been shared so far and about traditions.


GUEST SPEAKERS

I thought recruiting guest speakers would be really hard, but it has been surprisingly workable, even in our small community! All I ask of guest speakers  is that they either prepare a short powerpoint presentation or send me pictures and info and I’ll put it together (thankfully, I haven’t had to do that yet, but I do offer).  It’s finding them that I expected to be impossible!


As a disclaimer; I am not from North Carolina and do not know a lot of people outside of school. Every day I am still finding out that person X is related to person Y and that I had NO IDEA!! So you do not need to know a lot of people who are from other countries or who have lived in other countries. But you do need to let your ideas be known within your circle and sit back and watch! Here’s how it happened with me.


First, we had 2 exchange students in our school last year, so those were an easy 2 months to fill. Germany and Russia, check. However, I did not even know they were in our school until November, (how is that possible in such a small school? right?) So I started with a missionary family that one of our teachers’ church sponsors. They just happened to be home on furlough, so Bolivia was our first country! Our speaker was one of the daughters and she brought a friend with her who had just recently graduated from our school and had spent a month in Bolivia with them.


Next month was our exchange student from Germany.


Then I had one of our moms speak about China because she traveled there periodically to work on a business with other students there (I heard about her travels when her children had taken my class, and my child was in band with them). Is she Chinese? No. Does she live in China? No. But she’s an awesome speaker and very organized, so she was able to relate to our students quite well.


Next I asked one of our substitute teachers who had been a missionary in Africa for 30 years to speak and he and his wife graciously agreed.


A french teacher from our neighboring HS came the next month to share her experiences in France.


During the second year of the club we had the following guest speakers:
  • our art teacher who lived in Australia as an exchange student during her senior year in high school
  • another art teacher’s parents who are missionaries in Taiwan who traveled there a few different times with his high school aged children, spending a month each time
  • the mother of a student who moved into our school district in the middle of the year from Venezuela
  • another 2 exchange students from Spain and Brazil.


We were all set up to Skype with a friend of mine from Philadelphia who is originally from Argentina, but that fell through at the last moment, so we had to listen to me speak about my year in Mexico. While performing with our local orchestra, I was speaking with a pianist who lived in the Czech Republic for 12 years, so guess who came to speak that next month? She also performed for us as well which attracted some students who didn’t usually attend!


It is amazing to me that I have been able to find so many people with so much ‘foreign’ exposure! Word of mouth has helped tremendously.


Not long ago I was speaking to a person at the gym about my upcoming trip to Costa Rica, and I found out that he had spent a month there also, as well as having spent time in Afghanistan, Spain, and all the Carribbean islands. I’m hopeful that he’ll be a guest speaker next year!


ENCOURAGING ATTENDANCE

I ask speakers for a typical food that’s easy to make and a typical craft. Some of my guests have prepared the food and crafts themselves, others have not and I have had to do so.


Also a grant for this club helped with  money to spend on food and crafts. Often I will have ‘regular’ snacks to feed the kids as they arrive, so they can focus a bit better in the beginning. Sometimes, cookies and juice, other times I’ll have pizza.  


It has been a struggle to get a lot of participation, so I announce the club at school, send home an all call to the entire school a few days before the club, and offer extra credit to those students who are currently in my class. The biggest challenge has been that the kids forget to get parental permission and our office won’t let them call home that day to arrange rides. I’m still working through getting more participation, so if you have any thoughts on that, they are welcome!


WHY THE W.A.Y?

Contrary to what a lot of my students think, the countries we learn about are not all Spanish speaking places. Even though I teach Spanish, even I know that there is more to the world than the 21 Spanish speaking regions! I want them to experience everything about our world, and to see that while kids all go to school, some schools don’t have sports programs, and some start at 7:30 and end at 5:00, and some even go on Saturdays all the time! Differences are not good or bad and people are basically the same all over the world around us. The more we are exposed, the more we can understand and appreciate others and the better we will be able to cooperate and collaborate. We are a global society now, and our students deserve to see what that means in as many ways as possible.





Linda, Rosman Middle School's Teacher of the Year, has been teaching Spanish for 10 years in a combined middle/high school. She learned Spanish living in Mexico, and got her Masters in Spanish at App State. She has 3 children,one of whom just spent her senior year living in Oaxaca Mexico as an exchange student. Linda just returned home from a 9 day trip ziplining around Costa Rica with 15 students and 5 parents. Her next trip is to Italy/Spain in June 2017.


Connect with @SraCarrillo on Twitter for more ideas for your own after-school culture club!


Check out more great ideas from Appalachian Summer Institute alums

22 July 2016

GUEST POST: Take Language out of the Classroom - immersion weekend

Each week of the ASU Summer Institute 2016, I'll be featuring ideas from amigos I met through Summer Institute in years past. This week, Jeff Pageau helps answer the question, "How do I develop a student immersion weekend?"



In spite of our efforts to create authentic language experiences to engage our students, the fact of the matter is that these situations are often contrived and often do not resemble real life. If we're being honest, even in the best developed speaking activities modeled after culturally appropriate contexts, the variables are still controlled in the classroom environment. The students aren't generally exposed to the “surprises” that naturally occur in a truly authentic conversation in the target culture.

So, how can we provide authentic situations for our students to develop their language skills naturally and in a way that more closely resembles real life?

Consider developing an immersion weekend with your students. It's easier than you think!
Jeff and Franca Gilbert cooking up
authentic experiences for their students!
I am a French teacher at a public high school in rural northeast North Carolina. Three years ago, my friend and colleague, Franca Gilbert, and I were looking at ways to promote French, provide authentic language experiences for students, and collaborate with teachers who typically are working in isolation. As study abroad gains more prominence among high school students (which is great news!), the reality is that these experiences are often limited to those students whose parents have deep pockets. We all would like for our students to be able to spend time in the target cultures developing their language proficiency, but this, too, is often not realistic for many of our students who are from economically disadvantaged communities.

The immersion weekend addresses all of these goals.

We began our program with three high schools. This past year, our program grew to include 9 high schools and 2 middle schools. Here's how we did it.


PREPARATION

Scheduling

The first thing that you will want to do is to consider just how many days that you want to have your event. We have always held our immersion weekend starting Friday evening at 5:00 and end Sunday morning around 10:00. If that sounds too ambitious for your first attempt, you could scale it back to an overnight event, but I would encourage you to consider a full two days. Doing so will maximize language opportunities for your students.

Location

Next, you will need to secure a location. For us, this was our greatest challenge. We needed a location that had suitable housing for high school students and that had a kitchen. After much searching, we discovered a location that was ideal. It is a retreat center operated by the Archdiocese of Raleigh. It is located about a 1.5 hours drive for the three schools and it offered a meal program! I do strongly recommend that you choose a location that offers a meal program. If you and your colleagues are stuck in the kitchen preparing 3 meals a day, it takes away time from your role as the language facilitator.

Funding

Once we had our team assembled and a location secured, the real fun began! We needed to secure funding. While we had the academic support of our schools for the project, we did not receive any financial support. Fundraising will be of vital importance if your school is unable to fund the project for you.

Fortunately, Franca is a fundraising guru. We wanted to make this program as affordable as possible for students, and through Franca’s efforts, we were able to keep the student cost limited to the affordable fee of just over $100.

She reached out to local businesses, French-owned companies in the Raleigh area, and her school's parent organization. We also reached out to our state chapter of the AATF and our state language association (Foreign Language Association of North Carolina) who offered us grants.

For my part, I relied to the power social media fundraising services such as GoFundMe. I wanted to assure that my entire AP class attend this year. I created a GoFundMe account with the hope of raising $1000. Within 3 weeks, I had raised the full amount.

Effectively using social media to promote your program and thanking those individuals publicly in your social media who financially support you is a surefire way to raise funds. When you tag your donors in your post, it shows up in their feed. I was able to generate many new donations outside of my own Facebook network with this approach.



Coordinating

With the location secured and finances in order, we moved to the planning stages. As the program grew and more teachers wanted to participate, we had to set some ground rules that I strongly encourage everyone to establish. You are not offering a babysitting service, so you must insist on full participation for collaborating teachers. This includes coming to planning meetings and attending the weekend.


THE WEEKEND

Setting the tone

The program now runs like a well-oiled machine. After the students are settled in their dorms Friday evening, we assemble in the general meeting room. We provide an overview of the weekend in English and our expectations. The students sign a pledge to communicate only in French the entire weekend. Then, before their peers, they publicly swear the oath.

From that point forward, no English is allowed.

We have students from all levels. Some students only have a few months of French and others were in AP or IB French classes. We divide to students up by proficiency levels, following the ACTFL model. The teachers are divided up among the various levels to serve as the facilitator for that group during the weekend.

Breaking the ice

We then proceed to the dining hall and require that students not sit with students from their own school. We do this for obvious reasons: we want to encourage conversation. And, you know what happens? They speak French! Advanced students are quickly aware if their table mates are beginners and instinctively adjust their conversation accordingly. The teachers sit among the students to 1) make sure no one is speaking English and 2) to encourage conversation and support beginning students who might be feeling anxious.

Building the group dynamic with speed dating before breaking into groups by
proficiency level.

After dinner, we do a variety of ice breaker speaking activities. We do these as a whole group and do not divide the students by proficiency level. The teachers model the activities, which are based on basic conversation skills (greetings, introductions, likes/dislikes, etc), so that beginners can better understand what is about to happen. These short ice breaker activities are important to building confidence and supporting the group dynamic.

Fun and culture

After dinner, we do an authentic cooking demonstration. We have always made crêpes because they are easy to make and the students love them! We do the cooking demonstration, explain what we're making, where they come from, etc. Then, we let the students do the actual cooking.

After the crêpes, we have our French film of the weekend. Use the same discretion in selecting your film that you would in the classroom. We typically choose not to play the film with subtitles. Films we have played are Petit Nicolas, Les choristes, Un monstre à Paris, and Le petit prince.

Activities by proficiency level

Saturday is a full day. The students are up fairly early (breakfast is at 8:00) and then the day's itinerary is underway. Saturday is when the students are divided by proficiency levels. The students are essentially doing the same activities, but they are scaffolded to their proficiency level.

For example, we do a scavenger hunt. For the beginners, they have a list of items to find. For the advanced students, they have riddles to solve that describe the item we are looking for them to find.

Another popular activity is the improv. The students are given a paper bag with 4 random items inside. They must incorporate the 4 items (and the bag) into the sketch that they collaborate to rehearse and present.

Students have fun with improv games in their proficiency level groups!


Weather permitting, we also organize sport activities as well, such as soccer, basketball, and volleyball (we are fortunate that our retreat center has these activities on its property). We teach them the relevant vocabulary prior to the game so that they can effectively play in French.

Whole group fun

As for whole group activities on Saturday, we teach a traditional folk dance and this year tried yoga! The students were very receptive to yoga! In the evening after dinner, we teach traditional folk songs to sing at the bonfire. Another popular group activity has been karaoke to French pop music. The key to a successful weekend is to be well-planned and have the students doing something always.

Recognition

Euros from Teacher's Discovery
to spend in le magasin
Throughout the weekend, we reward students who we hear speaking French or helping other students to communicate. We have a stack of euros we purchased from Teacher's Discovery. We “pay” the students when we hear good things happening. On Saturday evening, we open our magasin francophone where the students can go shopping. We purchase things like baguette shaped pens, candies/chocolates from France, mini Eiffel towers, and the like. Our store is always a popular event that returning students report looking forward to each year.

On Sunday morning, the teachers get together at breakfast and choose students who we feel really made the most of the weekend and fully committed himself or herself to the program goals. Franca secures prizes from area businesses that we give away on Sunday. Our most sought after prize is the first place prize: a gift certificate for lunch for two at a French restaurant in Raleigh.


THE RESULTS

I know there may be some skeptics reading this blog saying, “this sounds very nice, but I doubt the students really are speaking French the entire time.” Let me assure you, they do. The students typically police each other to stay in the target language. They want to speak French. They want to improve. Even behind closed doors, my students have reported that French happens even in the dorm rooms when teachers aren't around.

At the end of the weekend, our students have shared how much their confidence in speaking French has increased in just two days. They realize that they have the ability to have unscripted conversations in French in real life situations. They realize that they have the skills to handle themselves in unfamiliar contexts where their vocabulary might be limited. The students leave the weekend feeling so empowered by their own abilities to communicate in French. It builds their confidence to return to French class for the remainder of the year with an entirely different outlook.

In closing, I will leave you with this thought. Planning for an immersion weekend is a tremendous undertaking, but the end results that you will see in your students are worth every minute of it.



Jeff Pageau is a French teacher at Roanoke Rapids High School since 2004. His work in curriculum writing has been recognized by the AATF as the 2012 winner of the Concours Pédagogique. In 2013, he was named  the Foreign Language Teacher of the Year by the Foreign Language Association of North Carolina (FLANC). He has a passion for traveling and learning about new cultures.

Connect with @Jeff_Pageau on Twitter for more help setting up your own immersion weekend!


Stay tuned for more great ideas from Appalachian Summer Institute alums